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shad trees, shad restrictions

When I was telling my father about the fish elevator and all those shad, he told me that he'd learned from a friend that mountain laurel, which blooms around now, is known as "the shad tree"--because when it blooms, that's when the shad run.

He just called to tell me I'd misunderstood: It's not that mountain laurel are called shad tree, but that there's another tree, that blooms at the same time as mountain laurel, called shad tree. Actually, several trees in the genus Amelanchier go by that name, including this, Amelanchier bartramaiana, the mountain shadbush (also known as oblong serviceberry--ahh, names):


(Here's a photo from Flickr of mountain laurel--not a shad tree or shadbush--by Flickr user Robert Ferraro--you can click through to see it larger.)
Kalmia latifolia - Mountain Laurel

He also told me that there was a law in Boston in the 18th century that you couldn't feed apprentices shad more than twice a week... which gives you a sense of its plentifulness at that time (and its low regard). (I searched law+apprentices+shad and found confirmation in a Google books excerpt from The Literary Era: A Repository of Literary and Miscellaneous Information (published 1901), which says,
From a recently published report of the Pennsylvania Fish Commission, it would appear that similar troubles were not unknown in eighteenth-century Philadelphia. The low prices of fish tempted many master mechanics to keep their apprentices on a lenten diet. Shad were particularly common and particularly cheap--so common and so cheap, in fact, that they were considered fit only for Indians, helots, and apprentices. The apprentices revolted ... The youngsters ... triumphed so far that the law relating to indentures was changed so that the boys "were not to be fed on fish more than twice a week." (p. 298)

This entry was originally posted at http://asakiyume.dreamwidth.org/851457.html. Comments are welcome at either location.



( 8 comments — Leave a comment )
May. 23rd, 2017 11:22 am (UTC)
What beautiful flowers!
May. 23rd, 2017 01:45 pm (UTC)
They really are lovely
May. 23rd, 2017 11:34 am (UTC)
Haha! Love it. We don't have mountain laurel down here in north Florida. I always wondered what it looked like. Thanks.
May. 23rd, 2017 01:45 pm (UTC)
My pleasure!
May. 24th, 2017 03:25 am (UTC)
The apprentices on Tyneside notoriously rioted because they were being fed too much salmon.
May. 24th, 2017 10:05 am (UTC)
Yeah, it's like the stories someone was telling over on DW about lobster being so common that kids felt embarrassed bringing to to school, because it signaled you were poor.

A different world.
May. 24th, 2017 01:23 pm (UTC)
...and oysters were used to bulk out beef pies, because they were so much cheaper than actual meat...
May. 25th, 2017 09:39 am (UTC)
It seems like whimsy, but it's straight facts!
( 8 comments — Leave a comment )

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